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 MPTUO1a: Unit 1 Study Guide
Week 1 / Unit 1

Review this study guide for Week 1 / Unit 1 of the Introduction to Psychology course.

Unit 1 Study Guide

The following outline includes topics based on APA National Standards for perspectives in psychological science and the study of research methods, measurements, and statistics in psychology.

  Perspectives in Psychological Science

  • Development of psychology as an empirical science.
    • 1.1 Define psychology as a discipline and identify its goals as a science.
    • 1.2 Describe the emergence of psychology as a scientific discipline.
    • 1.3 Describe perspectives employed to understand behavior and mental processes.
    • 1.4 Explain how psychology evolved as a scientific discipline.
  •  Major subfields within psychology.
    1. 2.1 Discuss the value of both basic and applied psychological research with human and non-human animals.
    2. 2.2 Describe the major subfields of psychology.
    3. 2.3 Identify the important role psychology plays in benefiting society and improving people’s lives

 Research Methods, Measurements and Statistics

  • Research methods and measurements used to study behavior and mental processes
    • 1.1 Describe the scientific method and its role in psychology.
    • 1.2 Describe and compare a variety of quantitative (e.g., surveys, correlations, experiments) and qualitative (e.g., interviews, narratives, focus groups) research methods.
    • 1.3 Define systematic procedures used to improve the validity of research findings, such as external validity.
    • 1.4 Discuss how and why psychologists use nonhuman animals in research.
  • Ethical issues in research with human and non-human animals
    • 2.1 Identify ethical standards psychologists must address regarding research with human participants.
    • 2.2 Identify ethical guidelines psychologists must address regarding research with nonhuman animals.
  • Basic concepts of data analysis
    • 3.1 Define descriptive statistics and explain how they are used by psychological scientists.
    • 3.2 Define forms of qualitative data and explain how they are used by psychological scientists.
    • 3.3 Define correlation coefficients and explain they’re appropriate interpretation.
    • 3.4 Interpret graphical representations of data as used in both quantitative and qualitative methods.
    • 3.5 Explain other statistical concepts, such as statistical significance and effect size.
    • 3.6 Explain how validity and reliability of observations and measurements relate to data analysis.


  1. The American Psychological Association’s Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools (APA TOPSS) course template.

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