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MPTUO1a: Introduction to Psychology
Weeks 9, 10 and 11 / Unit 6: Cognition

Cognition. “Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of mental processes such as “attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking.” [1]

 Required Reading



Perspectives on intelligence

    • 1.1 Discuss intelligence as a general factor.
    • 1.2 Discuss alternative conceptualizations of intelligence.
    • 1.3 Describe the extremes of intelligence.

Assessment of intelligence

    • 2.1 Discuss the history of intelligence testing, including historical use and misuse in the context of fairness.
    • 2.2 Identify current methods of assessing human abilities.
    • 2.3 Identify measures of and data on reliability and validity for intelligence test scores.

Issues in Intelligence

    • 3.1 Discuss issues related to the consequences of intelligence testing.
    • 3.2 Discuss the influences of biological, cultural, and environmental factors on intelligence

Memory Study Guide

Encoding of memory

    • 1.1 Identify factors that influence encoding.
    • 1.2 Characterize the difference between shallow (surface) and deep (elaborate) processing.
    • 1.3 Discuss strategies for improving the encoding of memory.

Storage of memory

    • 2.1 Describe the differences between working memory and long-term memory.
    • 2.2 Identify and explain biological processes related to how memory is stored.
    • 2.3 Discuss types of memory and memory disorders (e.g., amnesias, dementias).
    • 2.4 Discuss strategies for improving the storage of memories.

Retrieval of memory

    • 3.1 Analyze the importance of retrieval cues in memory.
    • 3.2 Explain the role that interference plays in retrieval.
    • 3.3 Discuss the factors influencing how memories are retrieved.
    • 3.4. Explain how memories can be malleable.
    • 3.5 Discuss strategies for improving the retrieval of memories

Thinking Study Guide

Basic elements comprising thought

    • 1.1 Define cognitive processes involved in understanding information.
    • 1.2 Define processes involved in problem-solving and decision making.
    • 1.3 Discuss non-human problem-solving abilities.

Obstacles related to thought

    • 2.1 Describe obstacles to problem-solving.
    • 2.2 Describe obstacles to decision making.
    • 2.3 Describe obstacles to making good judgments

Major Assignments and Deadlines


  1. Cognition. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved June 3, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_psychology
  2. Heffner, Dr. Christopher L. (2001, April 1). Psychology 101. All Psych. https://allpsych.com/psychology101/
  3. Dewey, Dr. Russell A. (2017). Psychology: An Introduction. Psych Web. https://www.psywww.com/intropsych/
  4. The American Psychological Association’s Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools (APA TOPSS) course template.

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